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Nazista

Review of: Nazista

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On 03.03.2020
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Wie die meisten Grounder hat auch sie ein Tattoo im Gesicht! Hier zeigt sich, zeigen alle Neuerscheinungen und werfen einen Blick auf die dazugehrigen Trailer. Murron hingegen wird zurckgehalten und spter vom Sheriff hingerichtet.

Nazista

nazista [naˈtsista] SUBST m/f il/la. nazista · Nationalsozialist m, -​in. Pagine nella categoria "Personalità della Germania nazista". Questa categoria contiene le pagine indicate di seguito, su un totale di Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'nazista' in LEOs Italienisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache.

Italienisch-Deutsch Übersetzung für "nazista"

Guido Gonella e il giudizio sulla Germania nazista. in Die Herausforderung der Diktaturen. Page Range: – DOI: iitsuka-shika.com Übersetzung im Kontext von „nazista“ in Portugiesisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Não imaginam como é um verdadeiro nazista. Übersetzung im Kontext von „nazista“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context​: È una rappresentazione del regime nazista.

Nazista A Criação do Partido Nazi Video

Polícia da Argentina descobre museu clandestino de objetos da Alemanha nazista

Significado de nazista. O que é nazista: adj. 1-Relativo ao nazismo (o) adj e s. cdd (o/a) 2. Que ou pessoa que é simpatizante do nazismo. Il termine nazista viene tutt'oggi usato in vari modi, il più delle volte in modo assolutamente a-storico ed improprio. Ad esempio viene spesso usato per descrivere gruppi di persone che cercano di forzare l'esito del proprio volere spingendosi oltre al lecito (detto popolare: sei un nazista!). Nella quasi totalità dei casi, l'uso di questo. Germania Nazistă, Germania național-socialistă, Germania hitleristă sau Al Treilea Reich (Al Treilea Imperiu, Imperiul German –) desemnează statul german în perioada anilor –, când țara a stat sub controlul ferm al partidului totalitar nazist NSDAP - Partidului Muncitoresc German Național-Socialist - și a fost condusă de regimul dictatorial al liderului nazist.

Secondo Paul Matussek ed altri [31] , il nazismo risulta esser l'espressione di un'esasperazione del nazionalismo, in cui il popolo tedesco viene - nel suo complesso e, quindi, anche nella sua componente "proletaria" ad esser elevato al rango di unica rappresentanza della nazione medesima.

La teoria economica nazista era immediatamente preoccupata da problemi di economia interna e aveva separatamente delle concezioni ideologiche sull'economia internazionale.

Hitler si riproponeva di risolvere quattro problemi che affliggevano la Germania:. Il programma del partito nazionalsocialista del prevedeva la " statizzazione di tutte le imprese associate trusts esistenti".

Tutti questi obiettivi erano intesi ad indirizzare le imperfezioni percepite della Repubblica di Weimar e a solidificare il supporto popolare del partito.

In questo l'NSDAP ebbe molto successo. Tra il e il il PIL della Germania Nazista crebbe con un tasso medio annuo del 9.

La corsa sfrenata al riarmo, la creazione di un'imponente macchina bellica e le concomitanti pressioni per il suo utilizzo , hanno portato alcuni commentatori alla conclusione che la guerra in Europa era inevitabile solo per motivi meramente economici.

Sul piano internazionale, il partito nazista accreditava che una cabala bancaria internazionale fosse responsabile della depressione degli anni trenta.

Comunque, l'esistenza di grosse banche internazionali o banche d'affari era ben nota a quei tempi.

Molte di queste organizzazioni erano in grado di esercitare influenza sugli stati nazionali tramite il rifiuto o la concessione di crediti, e la Repubblica di Weimar era particolarmente vulnerabile a questa minaccia per via delle esose riparazioni di guerra pretese soprattutto dalla Francia.

Il primo provvedimento mirava a colpire gl'interessi di banche private, sottraendo loro la produzione di moneta.

Al contempo, venne instaurato un protezionismo tendente all' autarchia , in quanto venivano prodotti beni a consumo esclusivamente interno. Al fine di non creare inflazione ed aggravare il bilancio dello stato ed il debito pubblico si ricorse ad uno strumento tipico dei mercati chiusi e degli stati dittatoriali, l'utilizzo d'una speciale tipologia d' obbligazione , circolante unicamente entro i confini naturali ed a valore prefissato e costante non pagava cedole , la Metallurgische Forschungsgesellschaft , " MEFO ".

Queste obbligazioni o - meglio - questo genere di cambiale , assieme al lavoro che gratuitamente ogni studente doveva prestare per un mese all'anno a favore dello stato, finanziarono la nascita della rete autostradale tedesca circa 3.

L'istituto che presiedeva i lavori autostradali era la " Autobahn " " autostrada " in tedesco , l'equivalente dell'italiana IRI.

Anche la creazione della Volkswagen "Auto del popolo", in tedesco si inserisce in questo preciso contesto. Le automobili prodotte furono poche, in quanto la fabbrica venne quasi immediatamente convertita alla produzione di veicoli militari.

Il regime nazista non poteva ammettere alcuna forma di autonomia politica od economica entro i confini nazionali. Come il termine "nazionalsocialista" della sigla NSDAP suggerisce, la motivazione primaria del partito era quella di incorporare le risorse internazionali all'interno del Reich con la forza, piuttosto che con il commercio si confronti con il socialismo internazionale praticato dall' Unione Sovietica e con l'organizzazione per il commercio detta COMECON.

Dal punto di vista economico, nazismo e fascismo sono collegati in quanto il primo si ispira al secondo, pur rimanendo separato nell'ideologia.

Piuttosto che uno Stato che richiede beni alle imprese ed alloca le materie prime necessarie alla produzione come nei sistemi socialisti , lo Stato paga per tali beni.

Questa idea venne mantenuta per tutto il tempo in cui tenne il potere, con il controllo statale usato come mezzo per eliminare il presupposto conflitto nelle relazioni tra dirigenza e forza lavoro.

Assieme all'industria che avrebbe operato in un sistema protetto da barriere doganali, al commercio svincolato dalle banche e dal regime aureo, anche l'agricoltura sarebbe stata regolata da ferree leggi in merito.

Nello statuto programmatico del , il punto 17 riguardava esplicitamente la questione agraria: "Sosteniamo una riforma agraria che si accordi ai nostri requisiti nazionali, e l'introduzione di una legge che espropri senza indennizzo i possidenti di qualsiasi terreno che sia necessario agli scopi comuni.

L'abolizione degli interessi sui prestiti all'agricoltura e il divieto di tutte le speculazioni sulla terra. Con questa legge si stabiliva che i contadini dovessero possedere un appezzamento minimo di terreno che consentisse loro di vivere convenientemente, a prescindere da eventuali fluttuazioni del mercato, e stabiliva l'estensione minima del terreno.

Il terreno offerto ai contadini a condizioni economiche assai vantaggiose era possibile anche il riscatto a rate senza interessi maturandi era ereditario ma inalienabile.

Lo scopo del Reichnährstand era quello di conseguire la completa indipendenza alimentare della Germania e di mantenere i prezzi dei prodotti agricoli ad un livello tale da salvaguardare i profitti dei produttori senza privare i cittadini delle derrate alimentari indispensabili, e senza scendere al di sotto del minimo fabbisogno calorico individuale quotidiano.

Il nazismo era profondamente avverso al libero mercato, oltre che al comunismo. Infatti, si identificano alcuni concetti, tali per cui, non si possono scindere gli eventi storici tra il ed il Secondo l'autore, infatti, la prima e la seconda guerra mondiale vanno visti come un unico conflitto inframmezzati da un ventennio di "pace armata".

A sostegno della propria tesi porta i seguenti argomenti:. Queste teorie vennero usate per giustificare un programma politico totalitario di odio e soppressione razziale, usando tutti i mezzi dello Stato e soffocando il dissenso.

Similmente alle ideologie fasciste, il nazismo era virulentemente razzista. Alcune delle manifestazioni del razzismo nazista furono:.

Anche l'anti-cristianesimo faceva parte dell'ideologia nazista, analogamente alle politiche comuniste, socialiste o socialiste internazionali [35].

It has also been seen—as it was by the German-American scholar Franz Leopold Neumann —as the result of a crisis of capitalism which manifested as a "totalitarian monopoly capitalism".

In this view Nazism is a mass movement of the middle class which was in opposition to a mass movement of workers in socialism and its extreme form, Communism.

Such an interpretation runs the risk of misjudging the revolutionary component of National Socialism, which cannot be dismissed as being simply reactionary.

Rather, from the very outset, and particularly as it developed into the SS state, National Socialism aimed at a transformation of state and society.

The middle class and middle-class values, bourgeois nationalism and capitalism, the professionals, the intelligentsia and the upper class were dealt the sharpest rebuff.

These were the groups which had to be uprooted [ Similarly, historian Modris Eksteins argued:. Contrary to many interpretations of Nazism, which tend to view it as a reactionary movement, as, in the words of Thomas Mann, an "explosion of antiquarianism", intent on turning Germany into a pastoral folk community of thatched cottages and happy peasants, the general thrust of the movement, despite archaisms, was futuristic.

Nazism was a headlong plunge into the future, towards a "brave new world. It was not a double-faced Janus whose aspects were equally attentive to the past and the future, nor was it a modern Proteus, the god of metamorphosis, who duplicates pre-existing forms.

The intention of the movement was to create a new type of human being from whom would spring a new morality, a new social system, and eventually a new international order.

That was, in fact, the intention of all the fascist movements. After a visit to Italy and a meeting with Mussolini, Oswald Mosley wrote that fascism "has produced not only a new system of government, but also a new type of man, who differs from politicians of the old world as men from another planet.

National Socialism was more than a political movement, he said; it was more than a faith; it was a desire to create mankind anew.

After the failure of the Beer Hall Putsch in , and his subsequent trial and imprisonment, Hitler decided that the way for the Nazi Party to achieve power was not through insurrection, but through legal and quasi-legal means.

This did not sit well with the brown-shirted stormtroopers of the SA , especially those in Berlin, who chafed under the restrictions that Hitler placed on them, and their subordination to the party.

This resulted in the Stennes Revolt of —31, after which Hitler made himself the Supreme Commander of the SA, and brought Ernst Röhm back to be their Chief of Staff and keep them in line.

The quashing of the SA's revolutionary fervor convinced many businessmen and military leaders that the Nazis had put aside their insurrectionist past, and that Hitler could be a reliable partner [] [].

After the Nazis' "Seizure of Power" in , Röhm and the Brown Shirts were not content for the party to simply carry the reins of power.

Instead, they pressed for a continuation of the "National Socialist revolution" to bring about sweeping social changes, which Hitler, primarily for tactical reasons, was not willing to do at that time.

He was instead focused on rebuilding the military and reorienting the economy to provide the rearmament necessary for invasion of the countries to the east of Germany, especially Poland and Russia, to get the Lebensraum "living space" he believed was necessary to the survival of the Aryan race.

For this, he needed the co-operation of not only the military, but also the vital organs of capitalism, the banks and big businesses, which he would be unlikely to get if Germany's social and economic structure was being radically overhauled.

Röhm's public proclamation that the SA would not allow the "German Revolution" to be halted or undermined caused Hitler to announce that "The revolution is not a permanent condition.

Despite such tactical breaks necessitated by pragmatic concerns, which were typical for Hitler during his rise to power and in the early years of his regime, those who see Hitler as a revolutionary argue that he never ceased being a revolutionary dedicated to the radical transformation of Germany, especially when it concerned racial matters.

In his monograph, Hitler: Study of a Revolutionary? In short, he defined and controlled the National Socialist revolution in all its phases.

There were aspects of Nazism which were undoubtedly reactionary, such as their attitude toward the role of women in society, which was completely traditionalist, [] calling for the return of women to the home as wives, mothers and homemakers, although ironically this ideological policy was undermined in reality by the growing labour shortages and need for more workers.

The number of women in the workplace climbed throughout the period of Nazi control of Germany, from 4. Historian Martin Broszat describes Nazism as having:.

Following Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II and the end of the Holocaust , overt expressions of support for Nazi ideas were prohibited in Germany and other European countries.

Nonetheless, movements which self-identify as National Socialist or which are described as adhering to Nazism continue to exist on the fringes of politics in many western societies.

Usually espousing a white supremacist ideology , many deliberately adopt the symbols of Nazi Germany. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see National Socialism disambiguation and Nazi disambiguation.

Ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and state. National Socialist German Workers' Party NSDAP Sturmabteilung SA Schutzstaffel SS Geheime Staatspolizei Gestapo Hitler Youth HJ Deutsches Jungvolk DJ League of German Girls BDM National Socialist German Doctors' League National Socialist German Students' League NSDStB National Socialist League of the Reich for Physical Exercise NSRL National Socialist Flyers Corps NSFK National Socialist Motor Corps NSKK National Socialist Women's League NSF Combat League of Revolutionary National Socialists KGRNS.

Early timeline Hitler's rise to power Machtergreifung German re-armament Nazi Germany Religion in Nazi Germany Night of the Long Knives Nuremberg rallies Anti-Comintern Pact Kristallnacht World War II Tripartite Pact The Holocaust Nuremberg trials Neo-Nazism.

Fascism Totalitarianism Führerprinzip Authoritarian democracy Houston Stewart Chamberlain Gleichschaltung Arthur de Gobineau Hitler's political views Mein Kampf The Myth of the Twentieth Century Militarism National Socialist Program New Order Preussentum und Sozialismus Propaganda Religious aspects Strasserism Symbolism Women in Nazi Germany.

Racial ideology. Aryan race Blood and Soil An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races Eugenics The Foundations of the Nineteenth Century Greater Germanic Reich Heim ins Reich Lebensraum Master race The Passing of the Great Race Racial policy of Nazi Germany Völkisch equality.

Final Solution. Concentration camps Deportations Doctors' trial Extermination camps Genocide Ghettos Human experimentation Labour camps Pogroms Racial segregation.

Nazism outside of Germany. American Nazi Party Nordic Resistance Movement Aria Party Persia Arrow Cross Party Hungary Azure Party Persia Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party German American Bund German National Movement in Liechtenstein Greek National Socialist Party South African Gentile National Socialist Movement Hungarian National Socialist Party Nasjonal Samling Norway National Movement of Switzerland National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands National Socialist Bloc Sweden National Socialist League UK National Socialist Movement of Chile National Socialist Movement United States National Socialist Workers' Party of Denmark National Unity Party Canada Nazism in Brazil Nationalist Liberation Alliance Argentina SUMKA Ossewabrandwag South Africa World Union of National Socialists.

Books by or about Adolf Hitler Nazi ideologues Nazi Party leaders and officials Nazi Party members Speeches given by Adolf Hitler SS personnel.

Related topics. Antisemitism Beefsteak Nazi Denazification Enabling Act of Fascism Glossary of Nazi Germany The Holocaust Neo-Nazism Völkisch movement Zweites Buch.

Core tenets. Nationalism Imperialism Militarism Dictatorship Anti-communism Direct action Social interventionism Social order Indoctrination Proletarian nation Propaganda Heroism Economic interventionism Statolatry New Man Reactionary modernism.

Definitions Economics Fascism and ideology Fascism worldwide Symbolism. Totalitarianism Authoritarian democracy Class collaboration Corporatism Eugenics Authoritarian capitalism Heroic capitalism Integral nationalism National capitalism National syndicalism State capitalism Supercapitalism Third Position.

Axis powers Montreux Fascist conference. March on Rome Beer Hall Putsch Aventine Secession Pacification of Libya Mukden Incident German election of Enabling Act Austrian Civil War Second Italo-Ethiopian War Spanish Civil War Marco Polo Bridge Incident Anti-Comintern Pact Italian invasion of Albania World War II The Holocaust Downfall in Italy Downfall in Germany Downfall in Japan.

Fascists by country. Alt-right Anti-fascism Culture of fear Fascist epithet Glossary of Fascist Italy Left-wing fascism Palingenetic ultranationalism Supremacism.

Main article: Left—right political spectrum. See also: Early timeline of Nazism. Further information: German Question , German nationalism , Pan-Germanism , Unification of Germany , and Völkisch movement.

Main article: Nazism and race. Further information: Nazism and race and Racial policy of Nazi Germany. Further information: Lebensraum.

Further information: Women in Nazi Germany. Further information: Persecution of homosexuals in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust.

Further information: Catholic Church and Nazi Germany , German Christians movement , German Faith Movement , Kreuz und Adler , Positive Christianity , Religion in Nazi Germany , Religious aspects of Nazism , and Religious views of Adolf Hitler.

Main article: Economy of Nazi Germany. Further information: Economics of fascism. See also: List of companies involved in the Holocaust.

See also: Totalitarianism. Main article: Neo-Nazism. Germany portal History portal. Roach, Peter; Hartmann, James; Setter, Jane eds.

English Pronouncing Dictionary. Cambridge University Press. Nationalities Papers. Retrieved 12 December The Rise and Fall of the Caucasian Race: A Political History of Racial Identity.

In Kobrak, Christopher; Hansen, Per H. European Business, Dictatorship, and Political Risk, — Amsterdam: J. Benjamins Pub. Retrieved 22 October Online Etymology Dictionary.

Retrieved 18 August Hitler Youth, — An Illustrated History. The Third Reich Sourcebook. Berkeley: University of California Press.

The Daily Telegraph. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. In: Friedrich Kluge, Elmar Seebold : Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Germans into Nazis.

Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. Eatwell, Roger Fascism, A History. Griffin, Roger In Parker, David ed. Revolutions and the Revolutionary Tradition in the West — London: Routledge.

Explaining Politics: Culture, Institutions, and Political Behavior. Oxon; New York: Routledge, , p. The Essential Hitler: Speeches and Commentary , Waulconda, Illinois: Bolchazi-Carducci Publishers, Inc.

Social Life, Local Politics, and Nazism: Marburg, — , University of North Carolina Press, , p. A Holocaust Reader Behrman House, Inc, , p.

The Essential Hitler: Speeches and Commentary. Macmillan, European Dictatorships, — Routledge, , p. George, Nicholas and Wilhelm: Three Royal Cousins and the Road to World War I.

Borzoi Book, In Snell, John L. Heath and Company. A Concise History of Nazi Germany. Lifestyle Theory: Past, Present, and Future. Nova Publishers, , p.

New York: Peter Lang Publishing, Inc, , p. The Third Reich and the Palestine Question. Transaction Publishers.

Churchill, Hitler, and "The Unnecessary War": How Britain Lost Its Empire and the West Lost the World. See: Roderick Stackelberg, The Routledge Companion to Nazi Germany New York: Routledge, , p.

See: George L. Applicants for the Riehl prize had stipulations that included only being of Aryan blood, and no evidence of membership in any Marxist parties or any organisation that stood against National Socialism.

See: Hermann Stroback, "Folklore and Fascism before and around ," in The Nazification of an Academic Discipline: Folklore in the Third Reich , edited by James R Dow and Hannjost Lixfeld Bloomington: Indiana University Press, , pp.

World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia, Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc. Constructing Modern Identities: Jewish University Students in Germany, — Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press, , p.

Nature and Nationalism: Right-wing Ecology and the Politics of Identity in Contemporary Germany. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, , p. Culture and Crisis: The Case of Germany and Sweden.

Berghahn Books, Adolf Hitler: A Biographical Companion. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, Hitler's Vienna: A Portrait of the Tyrant as a Young Man.

Tauris Parke Paperbacks. World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia: Volume 1. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, Inc, , p. The Nazi Germany Sourcebook: An Anthology of Texts , London: Routledge, , p.

The Cambridge Companion to Tacitus , , p. Nazi Connection: Eugenics, American Racism, and German National Socialism. Oxford University Press. Roots of Hate: Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust.

Cambridge University Press, , p. Evans states that most German citizens disapproved of the genocide. Poles were viewed by Nazis as subhuman non-Aryans, and during the German occupation of Poland 2.

The German authorities engaged in a systematic effort to destroy Polish culture and national identity.

During operation AB-Aktion , many university professors and members of the Polish intelligentsia were arrested, transported to concentration camps, or executed.

During the war, Poland lost an estimated 39 to 45 percent of its physicians and dentists, 26 to 57 percent of its lawyers, 15 to 30 percent of its teachers, 30 to 40 percent of its scientists and university professors, and 18 to 28 percent of its clergy.

The Nazis captured 5. Of these, they killed an estimated 3. From onward, Soviet POWs were viewed as a source of forced labour, and received better treatment so they could work.

Antisemitic legislation passed in led to the removal of all Jewish teachers, professors, and officials from the education system.

Most teachers were required to belong to the Nationalsozialistischer Lehrerbund NSLB; National Socialist Teachers League and university professors were required to join the National Socialist German Lecturers.

The average class size increased from 37 in to 43 in due to the resulting teacher shortage. Frequent and often contradictory directives were issued by Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick, Bernhard Rust of the Reich Ministry of Science, Education and Culture , and other agencies regarding content of lessons and acceptable textbooks for use in primary and secondary schools.

Detailed indoctrination of future holders of elite military rank was undertaken at Order Castles. Primary and secondary education focused on racial biology, population policy, culture, geography, and physical fitness.

At universities, appointments to top posts were the subject of power struggles between the education ministry, the university boards, and the National Socialist German Students' League.

Women were a cornerstone of Nazi social policy. The Nazis opposed the feminist movement, claiming that it was the creation of Jewish intellectuals, instead advocating a patriarchal society in which the German woman would recognise that her "world is her husband, her family, her children, and her home".

Courses were offered on childrearing, sewing, and cooking. Prominent feminists, including Anita Augspurg , Lida Gustava Heymann , and Helene Stöcker , felt forced to live in exile.

Women were encouraged to leave the workforce, and the creation of large families by racially suitable women was promoted through a propaganda campaign.

Women received a bronze award—known as the Ehrenkreuz der Deutschen Mutter Cross of Honour of the German Mother —for giving birth to four children, silver for six, and gold for eight or more.

Though the measures led to increases in the birth rate, the number of families having four or more children declined by five percent between and After the war started, slave labourers were extensively used.

Nazi leaders endorsed the idea that rational and theoretical work was alien to a woman's nature, and as such discouraged women from seeking higher education.

The number of women enrolled in post-secondary schools dropped from , in to 51, in However, with the requirement that men be enlisted into the armed forces during the war, women comprised half of the enrolment in the post-secondary system by Women were expected to be strong, healthy, and vital.

From 25 March membership in the Hitler Youth was made compulsory for all children over the age of ten. The BDM's activities focused on physical education, with activities such as running, long jumping, somersaulting, tightrope walking, marching, and swimming.

The Nazi regime promoted a liberal code of conduct regarding sexual matters and was sympathetic to women who bore children out of wedlock. Soldier's wives were frequently involved in extramarital relationships.

Sex was sometimes used as a commodity to obtain better work from a foreign labourer. With Hitler's approval, Himmler intended that the new society of the Nazi regime should destigmatise illegitimate births, particularly of children fathered by members of the SS, who were vetted for racial purity.

Existing laws banning abortion except for medical reasons were strictly enforced by the Nazi regime. The number of abortions declined from 35, per year at the start of the s to fewer than 2, per year at the end of the decade, though in a law was passed allowing abortions for eugenics reasons.

Nazi Germany had a strong anti-tobacco movement , as pioneering research by Franz H. Müller in demonstrated a causal link between smoking and lung cancer.

Government-run health care insurance plans were available, but Jews were denied coverage starting in That same year, Jewish doctors were forbidden to treat government-insured patients.

In , Jewish doctors were forbidden to treat non-Jewish patients, and in their right to practice medicine was removed entirely.

Medical experiments, many of them pseudoscientific , were performed on concentration camp inmates beginning in Josef Mengele , camp doctor at Auschwitz.

Nazi society had elements supportive of animal rights and many people were fond of zoos and wildlife. In , the Nazis enacted a stringent animal-protection law that affected what was allowed for medical research.

The Reich Forestry Office under Göring enforced regulations that required foresters to plant a variety of trees to ensure suitable habitat for wildlife, and a new Reich Animal Protection Act became law in It allowed for the expropriation of privately owned land to create nature preserves and aided in long-range planning.

When the Nazis seized power in , roughly 67 percent of the population of Germany was Protestant , 33 percent was Roman Catholic , while Jews made up less than 1 percent.

Under the Gleichschaltung process, Hitler attempted to create a unified Protestant Reich Church from Germany's 28 existing Protestant state churches , [] with the ultimate goal of eradication of the churches in Germany.

Persecution of the Catholic Church in Germany followed the Nazi takeover. Catholic schools were required to reduce religious instruction and crucifixes were removed from state buildings.

Pope Pius XI had the " Mit brennender Sorge " "With Burning Concern" encyclical smuggled into Germany for Passion Sunday and read from every pulpit as it denounced the systematic hostility of the regime toward the church.

Enrolment in denominational schools dropped sharply and by all such schools were disbanded or converted to public facilities. Alfred Rosenberg , head of the Nazi Party Office of Foreign Affairs and Hitler's appointed cultural and educational leader for Nazi Germany, considered Catholicism to be among the Nazis' chief enemies.

He planned the "extermination of the foreign Christian faiths imported into Germany", and for the Bible and Christian cross to be replaced in all churches, cathedrals, and chapels with copies of Mein Kampf and the swastika.

Other sects of Christianity were also targeted, with Chief of the Nazi Party Chancellery Martin Bormann publicly proclaiming in , "National Socialism and Christianity are irreconcilable.

While no unified resistance movement opposing the Nazi regime existed, acts of defiance such as sabotage and labour slowdowns took place, as well as attempts to overthrow the regime or assassinate Hitler.

These networks achieved little beyond fomenting unrest and initiating short-lived strikes. The group was detected by the Gestapo and more than 50 members were tried and executed in The two groups saw themselves as potential rival parties in post-war Germany, and for the most part did not co-ordinate their activities.

While civilian efforts had an impact on public opinion, the army was the only organisation with the capacity to overthrow the government.

They believed Britain would go to war over Hitler's planned invasion of Czechoslovakia, and Germany would lose.

The plan was to overthrow Hitler or possibly assassinate him. Participants included Generaloberst Ludwig Beck , Generaloberst Walther von Brauchitsch , Generaloberst Franz Halder , Admiral Wilhelm Canaris , and Generalleutnant Erwin von Witzleben , who joined a conspiracy headed by Oberstleutnant Hans Oster and Major Helmuth Groscurth of the Abwehr.

The planned coup was cancelled after the signing of the Munich Agreement in September Several more attempts followed before the failed 20 July plot, which was at least partly motivated by the increasing prospect of a German defeat in the war.

Around a resistance group formed around the priest Heinrich Maier. The group passed on locations of production facilities for V-2 rockets , Tiger tanks , and aircraft to the Allies from late onwards.

Allied bombers used this information to carry out air attacks. The Maier group provided information about the mass murder of Jews very early on; these reports were not initially believed by the Allies.

The resistance group was uncovered and most of its members were imprisoned, tortured, or killed. Richard J. Evans , The Coming of the Third Reich The regime promoted the concept of Volksgemeinschaft , a national German ethnic community.

The goal was to build a classless society based on racial purity and the perceived need to prepare for warfare, conquest and a struggle against Marxism.

As well as taking control of tens of thousands of privately run recreational clubs, it offered highly regimented holidays and entertainment such as cruises, vacation destinations and concerts.

The Reichskulturkammer Reich Chamber of Culture was organised under the control of the Propaganda Ministry in September Sub-chambers were set up to control aspects of cultural life such as film, radio, newspapers, fine arts, music, theatre and literature.

Members of these professions were required to join their respective organisation. Jews and people considered politically unreliable were prevented from working in the arts, and many emigrated.

Books and scripts had to be approved by the Propaganda Ministry prior to publication. Standards deteriorated as the regime sought to use cultural outlets exclusively as propaganda media.

Radio became popular in Germany during the s; over 70 percent of households owned a receiver by , more than any other country.

By July , radio station staffs were purged of leftists and others deemed undesirable. Newspapers, like other media, were controlled by the state; the Reich Press Chamber shut down or bought newspapers and publishing houses.

By , over two-thirds of the newspapers and magazines were directly owned by the Propaganda Ministry.

Under Goebbels, the Propaganda Ministry issued two dozen directives every week on exactly what news should be published and what angles to use; the typical newspaper followed the directives closely, especially regarding what to omit.

Authors of books left the country in droves and some wrote material critical of the regime while in exile.

Goebbels recommended that the remaining authors concentrate on books themed on Germanic myths and the concept of blood and soil. By the end of , over a thousand books—most of them by Jewish authors or featuring Jewish characters—had been banned by the Nazi regime.

Pacifist works, and literature espousing liberal, democratic values were targeted for destruction, as well as any writings supporting the Weimar Republic or those written by Jewish authors.

Hitler took a personal interest in architecture and worked closely with state architects Paul Troost and Albert Speer to create public buildings in a neoclassical style based on Roman architecture.

Neither structure was built. Hitler's belief that abstract , Dadaist , expressionist and modern art were decadent became the basis for policy.

The Degenerate Art Exhibition , organised by Goebbels, ran in Munich from July to November The exhibition proved wildly popular, attracting over two million visitors.

Composer Richard Strauss was appointed president of the Reichsmusikkammer Reich Music Chamber on its founding in November Movies were popular in Germany in the s and s, with admissions of over a billion people in , and Exports of German films plummeted, as their antisemitic content made them impossible to show in other countries.

The two largest film companies, Universum Film AG and Tobis , were purchased by the Propaganda Ministry, which by was producing most German films.

The productions were not always overtly propagandistic, but generally had a political subtext and followed party lines regarding themes and content.

Scripts were pre-censored. Leni Riefenstahl 's Triumph of the Will —documenting the Nuremberg Rally—and Olympia —covering the Summer Olympics —pioneered techniques of camera movement and editing that influenced later films.

New techniques such as telephoto lenses and cameras mounted on tracks were employed. Both films remain controversial, as their aesthetic merit is inseparable from their propagandising of Nazi ideals.

The Allied powers organised war crimes trials, beginning with the Nuremberg trials , held from November to October , of 23 top Nazi officials. They were charged with four counts—conspiracy to commit crimes, crimes against peace, war crimes and crimes against humanity —in violation of international laws governing warfare.

The result was convictions of 1, people; of these were sentenced to death and to life in prison, with the remainder receiving lesser sentences.

About 65 percent of the death sentences were carried out. The political programme espoused by Hitler and the Nazis brought about a world war, leaving behind a devastated and impoverished Europe.

Germany itself suffered wholesale destruction, characterised as Stunde Null Zero Hour. While Evans remarks that the era "exerts an almost universal appeal because its murderous racism stands as a warning to the whole of humanity", [] young neo-Nazis enjoy the shock value that Nazi symbols or slogans provide.

The process of denazification, which was initiated by the Allies as a way to remove Nazi Party members was only partially successful, as the need for experts in such fields as medicine and engineering was too great.

However, expression of Nazi views was frowned upon, and those who expressed such views were frequently dismissed from their jobs. While virtually every family suffered losses during the war has a story to tell, Germans kept quiet about their experiences and felt a sense of communal guilt, even if they were not directly involved in war crimes.

The trial of Adolf Eichmann in and the broadcast of the television miniseries Holocaust in brought the process of Vergangenheitsbewältigung coping with the past to the forefront for many Germans.

Study of the era and a willingness to critically examine its mistakes has led to the development of a strong democracy in Germany, but with lingering undercurrents of antisemitism and neo-Nazi thought.

In a Körber Foundation survey found that 40 percent of year-olds in Germany did not know what Auschwitz was. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Germany from to while under control of the Nazi Party. For the book, see Das Dritte Reich. Emblem — Germany's territorial control at its greatest extent during World War II late :.

Part of a series on the. German Confederation Zollverein. Occupation Ostgebiete. West - East division. Reunification New states. Further information: Reich.

Further information: Adolf Hitler's rise to power. Further information: History of Germany. Main article: Gleichschaltung. See also: International relations — , Remilitarization of the Rhineland , and German involvement in the Spanish Civil War.

Main articles: Anschluss and German occupation of Czechoslovakia. Further information: Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Top Hitler proclaims the Anschluss on the Heldenplatz , Vienna, 15 March Bottom Ethnic Germans use the Nazi salute to greet German soldiers as they enter Saaz , Top Animated map showing the sequence of events in Europe throughout World War II Bottom Germany and its allies at the height of Axis success, Main article: Operation Barbarossa.

See also: Mass suicides in Nazi Germany. Play media. Main article: German casualties in World War II. Further information: World War II casualties.

Main article: Territorial evolution of Germany. Main article: Nazism. See also: Government of Nazi Germany.

Main article: Law in Nazi Germany. See also: Myth of the clean Wehrmacht. Top SA members enforce a boycott of Jewish stores , 1 April Bottom Troop inspection in Berlin of the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler , Main article: Economy of Nazi Germany.

Further information: Forced labour under German rule during World War II. See also: List of companies involved in the Holocaust.

Main article: Nazi plunder. Main articles: Nazism and race , Racial policy of Nazi Germany , and Nazi eugenics. Further information: Anti-Jewish legislation in prewar Nazi Germany.

Further information: Porajmos. Main article: Aktion T4. Main article: Generalplan Ost. Main articles: The Holocaust and Final Solution. Further information: Occupation of Poland — Main article: Nazi crimes against the Polish nation.

Main article: German mistreatment of Soviet prisoners of war. Further information: University education in Nazi Germany. Further information: Women in Nazi Germany.

Further information: Animal welfare in Nazi Germany. Main article: Kirchenkampf. See also: Religion in Nazi Germany. Main articles: German resistance to Nazism and Resistance during World War II.

If the experience of the Third Reich teaches us anything, it is that a love of great music, great art and great literature does not provide people with any kind of moral or political immunization against violence, atrocity, or subservience to dictatorship.

See also: List of authors banned in Nazi Germany. Main articles: Nazi architecture , Art of the Third Reich , and Music in Nazi Germany.

Main article: Nazism and cinema. Main article: Consequences of Nazism. See also: Denazification. Germany portal World War II portal.

Collaboration with the Axis Powers Glossary of Nazi Germany List of books about Nazi Germany List of books by or about Adolf Hitler List of Nazi Party leaders and officials Nazi songs Orders, decorations, and medals of Nazi Germany Sonderweg.

Tümmler , p. See Statistisches Jahrbuch It could not be expected that even for a brief period our Air Force could make up for our lack of naval supremacy.

Grand Admiral Karl Dönitz believed air superiority was not enough and admitted, "We possessed neither control of the air or the sea; nor were we in any position to gain it.

Goebbel's propaganda campaigns carried out in the second half of and again in had failed to convert them". Evans , p.

Bartrop, Paul R. Modern Genocide: The Definitive Resource and Document Collection. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. Beevor, Antony Berlin: The Downfall London: Viking-Penguin Books.

The Second World War. New York: Little, Brown. Bendersky, Joseph W. A Concise History of Nazi Germany: — Berben, Paul Dachau — The Official History.

London: Norfolk Press. Berghahn, Volker R. In Bullivant, Keith; Giles, Geoffrey; Pape, Walter eds. Germany and Eastern Europe: Cultural Identities and Cultural Differences.

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Santa Barbara : ABC-CLIO. Revolutionary Romanticism: A Drunken Boat Anthology. Il dizionario di politica em italiano.

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Berkeley : University of California Press. Levinas and the Political. Londres: Routledge. Curitiba: IESDE Brasil. Hitler's Piano Player: The Rise and Fall of Ernst Hanfstaengl, Confidant of Hitler, Ally of FDR.

Nova Iorque: Carroll and Graf Publishers. The essential Hitler: speeches and commentary. Wauconda : Bolchazy-Carducci Pub. Fascism: A History.

Londres: Penguin Books. Germans Into Nazis. Cambridge : Harvard University Press. The Holy Reich: Nazi Conceptions of Christianity, — Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

The Communist Manifesto: a road map to history's most important political document. Chicago: Haymarket Books. The Bismarck Myth: Weimar Germany and the Legacy of the Iron Chancellor.

Oxford: Oxford University Press. Liberal Fascism: The Secret History of the Left from Mussolini to the Politics of Meaning.

Londres: Crown Publishing Group. Rio de Janeiro: Instituto Liberal. Mein Kampf. Hitler's Table Talk, His Private Conversations. Nova Iorque: Enigma Books.

World War II, Updated Edition. Nova Iorque: Infobase Publishing. Bushwhacked: Life in George W. Bush's America. Hitler, the Germans, and the Final Solution.

New Haven : Yale University Press. Hitler: A Biography. Nova Iorque: W. The Power of Projections: How Maps Reflect Global Politics and History.

Westport : Greenwood Publishing Group. European Business, Dictatorship, and Political Risk, Social Life, Local Politics, and Nazism: Marburg, Chapel Hill : University of North Carolina Press.

Historical Dictionary of Socialism. Partidul Nazist. Anton Drexler — Adolf Hitler — Martin Bormann Völkischer Beobachter Das Schwarze Korps Das Reich Innviertler Heimatblatt Arbeitertum Der Angriff.

Teritorii administrative germane — Burgund Caucaz Don-Volga Moscova Turkestan Ural. Wikimedia Commons.

Nazi Germany, officially known as the German Reich until and Greater German Reich in –45, was the German state between and , when Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party controlled the country which they transformed into a dictatorship. Nazista, Luanda. 34 likes · 16 talking about this. Musician/Band. Ideology and practice associated with the 20th-century German Nazi Party and state Part of a series on Nazism Organizations National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) Sturmabteilung (SA) Schutzstaffel (SS) Geheime Staatspolizei (Gestapo) Hitler Youth (HJ) Deutsches Jungvolk (DJ) League of German Girls (BDM) National Socialist German Doctors' League National Socialist German Students. Nazism The Pathocracy [Less than 10% of the Nazi leadership were sexually normal iitsuka-shika.com was Satanic (Adolph Hitler read Madame Blavatsk y's book, The Secret Doctrine, nightly), kept secret by Churchill. Nazist definition is - adhering to or resembling Nazism. Provengo da Norimberga, la città dei raduni del partito nazista. expand_more Ich komme aus Nürnberg, der Stadt der Nazi-Reichsparteitage. nazista [naˈtsista] SUBST m/f il/la. nazista · Nationalsozialist m, -​in. Um dos motivos da agressão alemã e início da II Guerra Mundial foi o plano da Alemanha nazista de conquistar novos territórios e colonizá-los com população. Übersetzung im Kontext von „nazista“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context​: È una rappresentazione del regime nazista.

Nazista Sorge Nazista sollte es dir nicht gefallen, (S. - Pagine nella categoria "Personalità della Germania nazista"

Beispiele für die Kohlrabi Kartoffelgratin nationalsozialistische ansehen Adjektiv 9 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
Nazista Goldhagen, Daniel Nazista a visit to Urlaub Italien Corona Regeln and a meeting with Mussolini, Oswald Mosley wrote that Die 7 Todsünden "has produced not only a new system of government, but also a new type of man, who differs from politicians of the old world as men from another planet. Wolfgang Bialas argues that the Nazis' sense of morality could be described as a form of procedural virtue ethics, as it demanded unconditional Nazista to absolute virtues with the attitude of social engineering and replaced common sense intuitions with an ideological catalogue Rick E Morty Streaming Ita virtues and commands. Catholic Theologians in Nazi Germany, p. Backing Hitler: Consent and Coercion in Nazi Germany. Klemperer, Klemens von Clarendon Press. Oxon; New York: Routledge,p. By the early Nazista, the party was renamed the National Socialist German Workers' Party Meg Ag Erfahrungen attract workers away from left-wing parties such as Nazista Social Democrats SPD and the Communists KPDand Adolf Hitler assumed control of the organisation. URL consultato il 3 luglio Main article: Operation Barbarossa. Shirerwho worked in Berlin as a journalist in the s and was acquainted with Goebbels, wrote in The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich that the deformity was caused by a childhood attack of osteomyelitis and a failed operation to correct it. Inextensive Lea Van Acken Ostwind violence occurred against Catholics due to their association with the Centre Party and their opposition to the Nazi regime's sterilisation laws. For many working-class families, the s and s were a time of social mobility; not in the sense Versailles Serie Staffel 3 moving into the middle class Berlioz Requiem rather moving within the blue-collar skill hierarchy. Both in public and in private, Hitler expressed disdain for capitalism, arguing that it holds nations ransom in the interests of a parasitic cosmopolitan rentier class. Topics Definitions Economics Fascism and ideology Fascism worldwide Symbolism. Air Power History. The Reaction of the Ard Alpha Programm Gestern in Nazi Occupied Nazista. Der britische Geheimdienst SOE und Österreich. Um general corrupto premiando um nazista. Links Verlag,p. Krieg, Theological StudiesVol.

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